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Annual Meeting

50th Anniversary Meeting
in Raleigh, North Carolina, in October 2009

Annual Meeting 2009 Abstracts 2009  Meeting Photos

October 2009 in beautiful Raleigh, North Carolina, gave Society for the History of Discoveries (SHD) members a great opportunity to hear numerous presentations on geographic discoveries, explorations, regional history, and cartographic history as well as attend delicious dinners and receptions, special tours, and experience the southern charm of the capital of North Carolina. From October 10-13, Raleigh was THE place to be if you were interested in geographic explorations and discoveries.

The SHD had agreed to have its 50th Annual Meeting following the two-day John Lawson Tercentenary Symposium and Exhibition in Raleigh. The year 2009 marked the 300th anniversary of the publication of Lawson’s book, A New Voyage to Carolina; Containing the Exact Description and Natural History of That Country: Together with the Present State Thereof, and a Journal of a Thousand Miles Travel’d thro’ several Nations of Indians. Giving a particular Account of Their Customs, Manners &c (London, 1709). Lawson traversed the Carolina backcountry in 1700-1701, and eight years later published his description of the Native Americans and the flora and fauna of the region. The Lawson Symposium and Exhibition took place Friday, October 9 - Saturday, October 10 at the North Carolina Museum of History.

Following the Lawson events, SHD met on Saturday, October 10 – Tuesday, October 13 at 1:00 PM. SHD members arriving early and wanting a taste of local culture and sites had an opportunity to attend a pre-conference “Welcome to Raleigh” BBQ dinner sponsored by the North Caroliniana Society (thanks H. G. Jones!) on Saturday, October 10 at 5:30-7:30 p.m. at the historic State Capitol Building, only three blocks from the Clarion Hotel. More local history was explored on the preconference Tar Heels and Tobacco Tour on Sunday, October 11. The opening dinner was held at the North Carolina Museum of History later that evening. The SHD paper sessions began on Monday, October 12, and concluded at mid-day on Tuesday, October 13. The paper sessions were at the Museum of History, only four blocks from the meeting hotel.


SHD members were encouraged to arrive early and attend all of the meetings and activities discussed above. Like last year’s meeting in Arlington, Texas, there was much to do, people with different interests to talk with, and engaging presentations to hear. There were registration fees associated with the various meetings.

John Lawson Tercentenary Symposium and Exhibition
October 9-10

The Symposium and Exhibition was held at the North Carolina Museum of History. The registration fee was $25.

 John Lawson:  A Carolinian’s Life and Times
 Friday, October 9
 North Carolina Museum of History Auditorium
Jeffrey J. Crow, Deputy Secretary, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources
 1.40E. Thomson Shields Jr., Edenton
A New Voyage to Carolina:  Publication History of a Classic of North Caroliniana”
Vincent Bellis, Greenville
“Lawson’s North Carolina Plant Specimens, 1710-1711”
Perry Mathewes, Norfolk
“John Lawson the Naturalist”
John Hairr, Lillington
“Lawson’s Observations on the Animals of Carolina”
North Carolina Museum of History Lobby
Mark Laird, Toronto    
Keynote Address: “English Plant Collecting and the American Connection”

Saturday, October 10
 North Carolina State Capitol
North Carolina Museum of History Auditorium
 8.30Continental Breakfast
North Carolina State Capitol
Lindley S. Butler, Wentworth
“John Lawson’s North Carolina, 1701-1711”
Kathy McGill, Oakton, Virginia
“’The Most Industrious Sex’:  Lawson’s Carolina Women Domesticate the Land”
  Break  Return to North Carolina Museum of History Auditorium
Bea Latham, Bath
Patricia Samford, Lexington Park, Maryland
“Botanist, Explorer, and Town Founder:  John Lawson and Bath”
Charles R. Ewen, Greenville
“Lawson’s Bath:  A Subterranean Perspective”
 Marcus Simpson Jr., Winston-Salem
“Lost Heritage:  John Lawson’s Plans for a ‘Compleat History’ of Carolina”
Financial Support Provided by

North Caroliniana Society

North Carolina Literary and Historical Association

North Carolina State Capitol Foundation

Society of Colonial Wars in the State of North Carolina

William and Virginia Powell


E. Thomson Shields Jr. is Associate Professor of English at East Carolina University where he also teaches North Carolina Studies.  A specialist in early American literature, he directs the Roanoke Colonies Research Office and co-edited Searching for the Roanoke Colonies.

Vincent Bellis is professor emeritus of biology at East Carolina University.  In 2001 he helped organize a symposium to commemorate the 300th anniversary of John Lawson’s journey.  See an article by him at http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/collateral/articles/f07.JL.North.Carolina.pdf

Perry Mathewes is Education Program Manager at Norfolk Botanical Garden.  Formerly Curator of Gardens at Tryon Palace Historic Sites and Gardens in New Bern, he researches historic gardens in the coastal Carolinas and Virginia.

John Hairr is Manager of the House in the Horseshoe State Historic Site.  Author of Great Hurricanes of North Carolina and Col. David Fanning: the Adventures of a Carolina Loyalist, he is a frequent contributor to Our State.

Mark Laird is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Landscape Architecture, Harvard University Graduate School of Design.  Author of The Flowering of the Landscape Garden, he teaches courses in landscape architectural history.

Robert Huxley is Head of Collections of the Department of Botany at the Natural History Museum in London.  He is the editor of The Great Naturalists, a collection of 39 essays about natural history.

Lindley S. Butler, historical consultant and Historian for the Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project, is completing a study of North Carolina’s Proprietary era.  He is the co-editor of The North Carolina Experience and author of Pirates, Privateers, and Rebel Raiders of the Carolina Coast.

Kathy O. McGill teaches history at George Mason University.  She takes a particular interest in travel and migration in the eighteenth century.  Her dissertation concerned British national identity and America.

Bea Latham is Assistant Manager of the Historic Bath State Historic Site.

Patricia Samford, formerly site manager at Bath, is Director of the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

Charles R. Ewen is Professor in the Department of Anthropology at East Carolina University.  His field is historical archaeology and his studies have extended from Hernando DeSoto to pirates to the Roanoke Colonies.

Marcus Simpson Jr. is Vice-chairman of the Department of Pathology and Director of Clinical Laboratories at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.  He has published widely on topics ranging from blood transfusion to natural history.

Society for the History of Discoveries
October 10-13

Saturday, October 10. “Welcome to Raleigh.”
5:30-7:30 p.m. The North Caroliniana Society (H. G. Jones, longtime SHD member, is the secretary) invited all SHD members to attend a “Welcome to Raleigh” event at the State Capitol on the evening of Saturday, Oct. 10, from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. The informal dinner featured the best of Eastern North Carolina style barbecue , provided by Wilber’s of Goldsboro , including slaw, potatoes, hush puppies, and iced tea.  This was the first chance to mingle that weekend and a chance to tour the 1840 North Carolina State Capitol, 1 East Edenton Street, which is just three blocks from the Clarion Hotel. The dinner was sponsored by the North Caroliniana Society thanks to Dr. Jones.

Sunday, October 11.     Tar Heels and Tobacco Tour (Optional Tour). 9:00 a.m. - 4:45 p.m. On Sunday, participants traveled by motor coach west from Raleigh about 25 miles to Durham County, and visited four sites, all tied to the theme of tobacco, the pernicious weed so long vital to the economy of North Carolina.  Our day started at Stagville, the largest antebellum plantation in the state, home in 1860 to 900 slaves on 30,000 acres.  Today, the 71-acre complex has four rare surviving slave houses and the largest agricultural building of its day in the state, the “Great Barn,” in addition to the owner’s house.  At mid-day we moved to the former headquarters of American Tobacco Company, once the world’s largest tobacco company, the site of which recently has been transformed into an office park and downtown destination.  At Tyler’s we had lunch and heard speakers describe the heyday of tobacco manufacture.  After lunch we moved to Duke Homestead, home to Washington Duke and the starting point for the Duke legacy.  His son James Buchanan (“Buck”) Duke founded American Tobacco and, through a gift in 1924, transformed tiny Trinity College into Duke University.  Duke Homestead includes the family home, agricultural buildings, and a museum.  We ended our day at the Duke campus.  Given the emphasis on Duke, the Dukes, and Durham, perhaps Blue Devils and Tobacco would be a better title for our tour!

Sunday Evening, October 11. Opening Reception and Dinner at the North Carolina Museum of History. 6:30 p.m.-9:00 p.m. The Museum is located between the State Capitol Building and the Legislative Building at 5 East Edenton Street. The main entrance faces the Bicentennial Plaza pedestrian mall that links Jones and Edenton Streets.

Monday, October 12.
 SHD Paper Sessions and Annual Business Meeting. 9:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Sessions were held in the Daniels Auditorium on the first floor of the Museum.
 8:15 - 9:00Pick Up Packets/Continental Breakfast
 9:00 - 9:15Welcome and Opening Remarks
 9:15 - 9:45
Paper 1
  Dan Terkla (read by Ron Fritze) “The Duchy of Cornwall and Hereford Mappaemundi: Heritage, Patronage, and Commemoration”
 9:45 - 10:45
Papers 2 & 3
Sanford H. Bederman “The Rev. Charles New: Nineteenth Century Missionary in Eastern Equatorial Africa”

Mylynka Kilgore “Alexine Tinne: Nineteenth-Century “Lady Traveller” or African Explorer?”
 10:45 - 11:00
 11:00 - noon
Papers 4 & 5
  Phillip Evans, Eric Klingelhofer, and Nicholas Luccketti “Roanoke after Raleigh”

Jim Matthews ”The Place of Memory in Un Francais en Virginie
 Noon - 1:30Lunch on one’s own
 1:30 - 2:30Papers 6 & 7
  David Buisseret “The Sad Fate of Joseph Bannistre, Pirate, 1687”

Mark Wilde-Ramsing “Underwater Investigations at Blackbeard’s Flagship Queen Anne’s Revenge
 2:30 - 3:15Paper 8
  Panel Discussion, “The Society for the History of Discoveries: Its First 50 Years”
Chaired by Tom Sander, president, including Norman J. W. Thrower and other SHD Members
 3:15 - 3:30Break
 3:30 - 4:30Papers 9 & 10
  Donald D. Hogarth  “La Peyrère's map of the Northwest and its Consequences”
Ann M. Ortiz “Allegorical Appropriation and Improvisation in the Relacion [of Cabeza de Vaca]”
 4:30 - 5:15Annual SHD Business Meeting with the Membership
Monday Evening, October 12.

  SHD Annual Banquet. 6:30-9:00 p.m. Clarion Hotel, Top of the Tower Room, 20th floor.
  Keynote Address Paper 11
  Louis De Vorsey The Role of Native American Maps in the Discovery and Exploration of North America

Tuesday, October 13.
 SHD Paper Sessions continued.
Daniels Auditorium on the first floor of the Museum.
 8:15 - 9:00Continental Breakfast
 9:00 - 10:00
Papers 12 & 13
Anthony Paez Mullan “Demarigny’s Map of the Lower Mississippi Valley (1743) in the Context of French Presence and Expansion in Southeast North America”
Gene Rhea Tucker “Lasalle, the Mississippi, and the Historians”
 10:00 - 10:30Paper 14
Roberta Williams  “Bird’s Eye Views of North Carolina”
 10:30 - 10:45
 10:45 - 11:45
Papers 15 & 16
  Lauren Beck “Discovering Islam in the New World: Sixteenth-Century Representations”
Anne Good “Marvels and Pleasing Thoughts: Practicing Natural History at the Cape of Good Hope, ca. 1740”
 11:45-12:15Paper 17
  Arne Molander “How William C. Coker can solve the Columbus Landfall Question”
 12:15-12:30Closing Remarks

Call for Papers/Paper Sessions

The SHD Paper Sessions were planned by the Scholarly Activities/Program Committee chaired by Ron Fritze.


Hotels: The meeting hotel was the Clarion Hotel State Capital located at 320 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Meals: Registration included the October 11 evening reception and dinner at the Museum, snacks and munchies before and between sessions on October 12-13, and the SHD Annual Dinner on October 12. 
Gerald Saxon, Vice President, SHD