Society for the History of Discoveries

2005 Annual Meeting



Past & Future Meetings

The Society for the History of Discoveries
46th Annual Meeting
October 6-8, 2005
Williamsburg, Virginia

Map of Williamsburg by a French soldier, May 11, 1782 
(Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Located on this most beautiful peninsula between the James and York rivers, the historical triangle of Jamestown, Williamsburg and Yorktown offers a very dense concentration of history. From the earliest colonial settlers, to the colonial foundations of the nation to the Revolutionary War and the War Between the States, the territory has witnessed a continuous flow of major events. The centerpiece of this area is Colonial Williamsburg, the authentically restored city of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry. It teems with townsfolk in 18th century costume going about their business of carpentry, candle making and gardening, all accomplished in the style of the period with the tools of the period. Just across the street is the Christopher Wren Building, the oldest surviving college building in the US, situated on the campus of the College of William and Mary, which was founded in 1693. Fortunately for those interested in cartography, both of these institutions possess libraries with impressive cartographic treasures, including the ‘Frenchman’s map’ a manuscript town plan drawn in 1782 by a French officer making a billeting plan for his troops. But there is more. Jamestown, the site of the oldest continuous British settlement in what is now the U.S., offers insights into the earliest phase of British colonial life. And on the well preserved battlefields of Yorktown we can visualize that decisive meeting between General Lord Cornwallis and General George Washington that effectively ended hostilities of the Revolution.

Ralph Ehrenberg
SHD Vice President/Program Chair 


The 2005 Society for the History of Discoveries (SHD) meeting was held in Williamsburg and Newport News, Virginia, from October 6 to 8, 2005. Presentations were held in the Hennage Auditorium in the DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum in Colonial Williamsburg; the Earl Gregg Swem Library, the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg; and the Mariners’ Museum in Newport News, Virginia.

Thursday, October 6
2:00 – 5:30 pm SHD Meeting registration: Foyer, Woodlands Hotel and Suites
6:00 pm Reception: Hosted by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation and the Society for the History of Discoveries. DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum. (Dinner on your own.)
Friday, October 7
8:15 – 8:55 am Private SHD charter coach from hotels to DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum
8:15 – 9:30 am SHD Meeting registration: Foyer, Hennage Auditorium, DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum.
9:00 – 9:30 am Welcoming remarks: 
Richard Francaviglia, President, Society for the History of Discoveries 
Margaret B. Pritchard, curator of prints, maps and wallpaper, Colonial Williamsburg 
Ralph E. Ehrenberg, Program Chair and Vice President, Society for the History of Discoveries
9:30 – 10:10 am Opening Address: Prof. Roy C. Bridges, President, The Hakluyt Society Discourse or Discovery: Studying the History of Travel and Exploration in the Twenty-first Century
10:10 – 10:30 am Break
10:30 – 12:00 pm Session I Maritime Charting and Navigation
Presiding: John A. Wolter

Norman J. Thrower
Piri Reis (1465?-1554) and Geographical Discoveries, in Context

Vladimiro Valerio
The Art and Science of Navigation and the “raxon de marteloio”

John Hessler 
Warping Waldseemüller: A Cartometric Study of the Coast of South America as Portrayed on the 1507 World Map
12:00 – 2:00 pm Lunch on your own
SHD Council luncheon meeting
2:00 – 4:00 pm Session II Discovery through Images
Presiding: Ed Dahl

Susan Danforth
Building an Image: Gottfried Bernhard Goetz's Representation of America

Richard W. Stephenson
The Remarkable Dr. Thomas Walker: An Eighteenth-Century Explorer, Surveyor, and Mapmaker of Virginia's Backcountry

George Chalou
Lieutenant Simpson Discovers the Anasazi

Richard Francaviglia 
Finding the Near East in the Far West: The Orientalist Impulse in Nineteenth Century Exploration.
4:00 – 4:15 pm Break
4:15 – 5:00 pm Distinguished Speaker: Louis DeVorsey
A Place in American Jurisprudence for the History of Discovery and Exploration
6:00 – 8:00 pm Exhibit and Reception: Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
Note: SHD charter coach service will be provided from the Woodlands Hotel and the DeWitt Wallace Museum beginning at 5:45 P.M.
Saturday, October 8 The Mariners’ Museum, Newport News
8:00 am Depart by SHD charter coach from conference hotels to The Mariners’ Museum, Newport News
9:00 – 9:30 am Refreshments in Gallery and Café areas
Concurrent Sessions III
9:30 - 11:00 am Concurrent Session III–A (Theater):
Discovering Colonial America 

Presiding: Richard L. Pflederer

Douglas Peck
Myths, Fables, and Legends: The Catalyst for Exploration and Colonization of the Eastern Seaboard of the USA

Richard Melvin
Santa Elena: Some Comments and a Proposal on the Location

Russell M. Magnaghi 
Botanical Commodities in the Colonial Americas: The Goal of European Explorers
9:30 - 11:00 am Concurrent Session III–B (Huntington Room): 
Discovering Africa
Presiding: William A. Stanley

Daniel Hopkins 
Julius von Rohr, an Enlightenment Scientist of the Colonial Atlantic

James Newman 
Henry Morton Stanley and the Map of Africa

William R. Stanley
Modest Expectations and Tragic Finale to The American Colonization Society's West African Enterprise--Colonial Liberia to a Failed State
11:00 - 11:15 am Break
Concurrent Sessions IV
11:15 – 12:45 pm Concurrent Session IV–A (Theater): 
Discovery across the Waters

Presiding: Alberta Auringer Wood

Bill Dunwoody
Those Double Entries in the Diario: ¿Por que?

Jeremy Pool 
The Kimmen Line: 17th Century North Atlantic Navigation and the Continental Shelf

H. G. Jones
Explorers in Reverse: Eskimos in Europe, 1566-1900
11:15 – 12:45 pm Concurrent Session IV–B (Huntington Room):
Mapping the Americas

Presiding: David Buisseret

J. Randall Barnes 
Giovanni Battista Ramusio and the New World

Alistair Maeer
Charting England’s Atlantic: The Thames School of Nautical Cartography and the
Americas in the 17th Century

Greg Kelm
Instruments of Spanish Imperial Administration: The Maps of Juan Lopez de Velasco
12:45 – 1:15 pm SHD Business Meeting (Huntington Room)
1:15 - 1:45 pm Box lunch (Huntington Room)
1:45 - 3:45 pm Group Tours of the Mariner’s Museum: Age of Exploration, Library, Research Facilities
6:30 pm Cash bar
7:30 pm Banquet Two Rivers Country Club

Presentation of Annual SHD Awards.
2005 SHD Fellow
Louis De Vorsey

presiding - Sanford Bederman

Welcome and Introduction of Evening Speaker
Richard L. Pflederer

Mr. T. Jefferson, as interpreted by Bill Barker
Report on Lewis and Clark Expedition
Sunday, October 9
am Guided walking tour of Colonial Williamsburg


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